Last revised July 8, 2023.

This website is a personal blog. The content on this website, other than comments from visitors, is authored, coauthored, and/or edited by Frederick Ding. Opinions expressed on this site are attributable only to the named authors, and do not represent the views of any other organizations or individuals.

I am authorized to practice law in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the State of New York, and the State of New Jersey. I am also admitted to practice in five federal courts.

Nothing on this website is intended to speak on behalf of any law firm or client, nor about any client or adversary. Even when legal issues are discussed, the information on this website should not be relied upon as legal advice. Most of the content on this website (particularly posts from before 2018) was written when I was not yet a trained lawyer. You should not act or rely on information on this website without first specifically seeking professional legal advice from an attorney.

For questions about this blog, please contact me using my online form. I am not seeking or soliciting any clients at this time. Messages submitted through this website will not create a prospective or actual attorney-client relationship with me. You should not send any information about any matter in which you are involved, or any other confidential or sensitive information.


Comments & Contact Form

When you submit a comment on this website or email me through the contact form, your provided name, email address, message body, IP address, and website or social media username (if you have logged in to comment) will be recorded by the website and a summary may be reported to me automatically by email. The website software automatically analyzes this information to eliminate spam, including by sharing some of it with the Akismet antispam service operated by Automattic Inc.

To learn more about the practices of this third party, and to learn how to control your personal information or opt out from long term tracking, visit:

When you submit a comment on a public blog post, you grant an irrevocable license to publish the comment on this website, automatically or upon moderation. Your provided name will be displayed if the comment is published.[1] If a comment is published, a hashed version of your email address is shared with Gravatar, operated by Automattic Inc., so that your profile picture can be shown.

If you subscribe to comment replies, this website will store your information and use it to send you email notifications. If you subscribe to new content, your information will be stored by WordPress.com, operated by Automattic Inc., which will use the information to send you email notifications.

I may use the information you provide to contact you about your comment or message, even if the comment or message is filtered and even if a comment is not published. I may publish future blog posts on the basis of information you submit in a comment or contact form message. I may also use the information as necessary to handle harassment or to preserve my legal rights. Other than as disclosed above, personal information that you provide is not shared with any third parties.[2]

Website Analytics

This website uses WordPress.com Stats.

That service uses information from your computer (such as your IP address, cookies, logged in accounts, web page load times, and how you got to this site) and information about what you do on this website (such as what pages you view, what links you click on, and how much time you spend) to provide insights to me about the reach of my content. Where possible, I have chosen to minimize the initial collection of information, to prohibit unrelated processing of personal information, to reduce the length of time for which information is retained, and to prohibit the sharing of personal information.

To learn more about the practices of this third party, and to learn how to control your personal information or opt out from data collection and retention, visit:

Embedded Content

Some pages on this website may include embedded content or multimedia from third party websites like Twitter or YouTube.

Those companies may use information about your visits to this and other websites to tailor advertisements to you, to suggest other content, or to improve their services. If you would like to opt out from their data collection or processing, I recommend installing an extension on your browser and enabling Do Not Track (DNT) headers.

Content Licensing


1 You may request that a past comment be anonymized by contacting me on the contact form from the same email address used to make the comment. You may not revoke the license to the content of your comment, except that you may request the redaction of any personally identifiable details.
2 The underlying computer infrastructure for this website is hosted on my own server in a datacenter in New York, USA.